Bidar Fort- History of Ancient Monuments

Bidar Fort is located in Bidar city of Karnataka state, India. The city, the district and the fort are all tagged with the name Bidar. The name Bidar comes from “Bidiru” which means Bamboo. Earlier there was a bamboo jungle at the current area of Bidar. In the past it was called as Bedadakota or Bedarkot (kota/kot means fort).

Bidar fort was built by Ahmad Shah wali Bahman. The layout of the old fort, with double lines of defensive walls are no longer visible. In 1321-22 the old fort of Bidar was captured by the Tughlaq Dynasty, Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq of Delhi. Later in the year 1347 with the establishment of Bahmabi Sultanate Bidar was occupied by Sultan Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah.

From 1422-1486, during the rule of Ahmad Shah I, Bidar was made the capital of Bahmani Kingdom. The old fort was rebuilt with amazing mosques, gardens and palaces under his rule by Persian and Turkish architects.

Bidar fort was then captured by Bijapur Sultanate but then fell to Mughal viceroy Aurangzeb. It then fell in the hands of the Nizams. When the state of Hyderabad was partitioned in 1956, Bidar fort became part of Karnataka.

One can observe many monuments inside Bidar fort. There are 7 gates to the fort. Bidar fort has a museum which has a good collection of swords, cannon and cannon balls, guns from Barid Shahi and Bahamani Sultanate.

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This post is written by Saurabh Chatterjee. He is a travel photographer and a photography trainer.
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